Hand Injury Facts
- Intricate in design and function, the hand is an amazing work of anatomic engineering. Form follows function in the hand; therefore, any injury to the underlying structures of the hand carries the potential for serious handicap. To reduce this risk, even the smallest hand injuries require proper medical evaluation.
- The goal with injuries to the hand is a rapid and accurate initial evaluation and treatment. In other words, once an injury occurs, the doctor strives to begin medical treatment quickly so the short- and long-term effects on the hand can be minimized.
- The hand consists of 27 bones (including the 8 bones of the wrist). When the other associated structures (nerves, arteries, veins, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joint cartilage, and fingernails) are considered, the potential for a variety of injuries exists when trauma involves the hand.
- The most common cause of the injuries was blunt trauma, followed by injury from a sharp object.
Hand Injury Causes
Hand injuries can be divided into six general categories:
- lacerations (cuts),
- fractures and dislocations,
- soft tissue injuries and amputations,
- burns, and
- high pressure injuries (grease and paint guns).
Other common hand injuries include
- nail injuries,
- finger tip injuries,
- finger infection,
- wrist injuries, and